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News Interviews

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Updated On: Jul 18, 2022
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Sir Gladwyn Jebb And The United Nations Growing Pains Of 1951 - Past Daily Reference Room The UN General Assembly in 1951 - An August little body of Statesmen who many thought/hoped would go the way of the League Of Nations.



Meet The Press - Sir Gladwyn Jebb - British Ambassador to UN - September 4, 1951 - Gordon Skene Sound Collection -

The United Nations - in 1951 the organization was 6 years old and experiencing growing pains and ridicule. The growing pains came from the steady stream of newly independent nations, clamoring for membership, and the ridicule came in the form of critics, particularly American critics who were convinced the United Nations was weak and ineffectual and destined to go the route of The League of Nations, that group nations which gathered together in an attempt to preserve peace in the wake of World War 1, and which failed to prevent the rise of Hitler's Germany and the beginnings of World War 2.

This time, The United Nations was being criticized for shirking its responsibilities in the area of Peacekeeping and specifically its role in the Korean War, which many felt was being fought by the US and nobody else.

During this episode of Meet The Press, from September of 1951, the permanent Ambassador to the UN from Britain who was also the former acting Secretary General; Sir Gladwyn Jebb. He held the position for three months until Trygve Lie was selected. He was asked and in some cases was confronted by Lawrence Spivak over the issue of UN's role in Korea (or it's non-role in Korea) and how the United Nations was negotiating from a place of weakness, allowing the US to take the commanding role in that war.

It became a familiar cry over the years - the UN shirking responsibilities, instead letting the US handle all the dirty work - and how the countries who were able to handle the crises which confronted them were powerless to come from a position of strength in dealing with them. Spivak cites the then-current situation in Iran over the British-Iranian oil crisis and the Russia-leaning leadership of Mohamed Mossadegh along with the threat of creating another Middle-East hotspot as a result.

It's an interesting conversation that had far-reaching affects over the following decades. it served to illustrate that the world in general and the peace which it sought was fragile and still in the rebuilding process from the devastations of war.

Two things - one: this interview shows just how much the media and politics have changed over the years. The panel pulled no punches and did their homework. Two; the interviewee holds his own and justifies his actions which, in light of the current talk-over-and-incite school of journalism, is downright refreshing to listen to. The world was in a state of turmoil and resurrection; it was the Cold War after all. But this was also a time of intelligent discourse and a legitimate search for solutions. Something that's missed in todays climate.

Meet The Press with Sir Gladwyn Jebb - as broadcast on September 4, 1951.
A Word Or Two From Jack Tworkov - 1966 - Past Daily Weekend Gallimaufry Jack Tworkov - portrait of a founding figure in American Abstract painting.



Jack Tworkov - Interview for U.S. Artists program - July 24, 1966 - Gordon Skene Sound Collection -

An interview with Jack Tworkov this week. One of the founding figures of the American Abstract Art Movement of the 1950s, along with Willem DeKooning, Franz Kline, Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, they revolutionized the art world and brought Abstract Expressionism to the American public.

From his Wikipedia Page:
Early on, Jack Tworkov appeared to be uninterested in painting; he didn’t attend classes or go to school for art, rather he had attended Columbia University to become a writer. He continued his pursuit of writing until his persistent sister convinced him to attend classes at the Art Students League of New York. The League acted as a catalyst for Jack's art career, sparking his interest in the field art. Two of his major influences early on were painters Cézanne and Matisse. Their influence along with his sisters prompted him to study art at the National Academy of Design and Art Students League of New York.

In 1929 America entered into the great depression; following the economic collapse President Franklin D. Roosevelt initiated the Work Projects Administration. Tworkov, being an aspiring artist, sought employment as a member of the Federal Art Project division of the Work Projects Administration met, which is where he met one of the first artists responsible for bring Abstract Expressionism to the attention of the American public, Willem de Kooning. This is the time in which Tworkov's art begins to take on the early signs of Abstract Expressionism style. Tworkov and de Koonig met many other abstract painters, and together with a group of abstract expressionists including Arshile Gorky, Mark Rothko and Jackson Pollock, founded the New York School. Many of the people involved in creating the New York School including Tworkov were also involved with the creating of the 8th Street Club, which was responsible for hosting the 9th Street Art Exhibition, which was largely regarded as the event in which the New York School style was truly exposed to the American people.

During his lifetime, Tworkov taught at several institutions, including the American University, Black Mountain College, Queens College, Pratt Institute, University of Minnesota, Columbia University, and Yale University where he was the chairman of the Art Department from 1963 to 1969. As chairman, Tworkov invited known artists to teach, including Al Held, Knox Martin, George Wardlaw, and Bernard Chaet. Among the students of that era were Chuck Close, Jennifer Bartlett, Richard Serra, Nancy Graves, Rackstraw Downes, and Brice Marden.

Tworkov is regarded by critics and Art historians as an important and influential artist, along with Rothko, de Kooning, Philip Guston, Franz Kline, and Pollock, whose gestural paintings of the early 1950s formed the basis for the abstract expressionist movement in America. Major work from this period is characterized by the use of gestural brush strokes in flame-like color. His work transitioned in during the mid-1960s. Straight lines and geometric patterns characterize his later art work.

Despite being credited as one of the founders of the New York School, Tworkov's later works of art diverged from this style of painting. After the 1950s one can see from Tworkov's art that he takes a more geometric approach to his work; this is easily identifiable by his artwork specifically Indian Red Series #2 (1979). Tworkov's experiments with geometric shapes were largely inspired by basic geometry and number systems, as well as the well known Fibonacci number sequence.

What was formerly the UBS Art Gallery in New York exhibited five decades of Tworkov's work in the 2009 show Against Extremes, "a tantalizing historical survey" charting everything from his de Kooning roots to his omnipresent "dream of freedom".

Tworkov died in 1982 in Provincetown, Massachusetts. He was 82.
Here is an interview with Tworkov for the program U.S. Artists from July 24, 1966 - not the best sound in the world, but an important interview with a pivotal figure in the Art world.
Robert F. Kennedy Discusses Refugees, Civil Rights and Crime - 1963 - Past Daily Reference Room Robert F. Kennedy - as Attorney General, oversaw many defining moments of the 60s.





Robert F. Kennedy - Issues And Answers- April 22, 1963 - Gordon Skene Sound Collection -

Robert F. Kennedy may go down in history as an Attorney General of the United States who oversaw some of the most crucial and important issues of the 1960s. Appointed by his brother, President John F. Kennedy, the choice made for an interesting controversy in that, many felt RFK had little or no experience and would not be effective in such a demanding position. Nothing could have been further from the truth. Kennedy gained significant experience conducting investigations and questioning witnesses as a Justice Department attorney and Senate committee counsel and staff director throughout the 1950s.

As attorney general, Kennedy pursued a relentless crusade against organized crime and the Mafia, sometimes disagreeing on strategy with FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover. Convictions against organized crime figures rose by 800 percent during his term. Kennedy worked to shift Hoover's focus away from communism, which Hoover saw as a more serious threat, to organized crime. According to James Neff, Kennedy's success in this endeavor was due to his brother's position, giving the attorney general leverage over Hoover.Biographer Richard Hack concluded that Hoover's dislike for Kennedy came from his being unable to control him.

He was relentless in his pursuit of Teamsters Union president Jimmy Hoffa, due to Hoffa's known corruption in financial and electoral matters, both personally and organizationally. The enmity between the two men was intense, with accusations of a personal vendetta - what Hoffa called a "blood feud" - exchanged between them. On July 7, 1961, after Hoffa was reelected to the Teamsters presidency, RFK told reporters the government's case against Hoffa had not been changed by what he called "a small group of teamsters" supporting him. The following year, it was leaked that Hoffa had claimed to a Teamster local that Kennedy had been "bodily" removed from his office, the statement being confirmed by a Teamster press agent and Hoffa saying Kennedy had only been ejected. In 1964 Hoffa was imprisoned for jury tampering. After learning of Hoffa's conviction by telephone, Kennedy issued congratulatory messages to the three prosecutors.

But it was Kennedy's role as Attorney General during the Civil Rights Movement that probably gained the most long-lasting attention. Kennedy played a large role in the response to the Freedom Riders protests. He acted after the Anniston bus bombings to protect the Riders in continuing their journey, sending John Seigenthaler, his administrative assistant, to Alabama to attempt to secure the Riders' safety there. Despite a work rule which allowed a driver to decline an assignment which he regarded as a potentially unsafe one, he persuaded a manager of The Greyhound Corporation to obtain a coach operator who was willing to drive a special bus for the continuance of the Freedom Ride from Birmingham, Alabama, to Montgomery, Alabama, on the circuitous journey to Jackson, Mississippi.

Later, during the attack and burning by a white mob of the First Baptist Church in Montgomery, at which Martin Luther King Jr. and some 1,500 sympathizers were in attendance, the attorney general telephoned King to ask for his assurance that they would not leave the building until the force of U.S. Marshals and National Guard he sent had secured the area. King proceeded to berate Kennedy for "allowing the situation to continue". King later publicly thanked him for dispatching the forces to break up the attack that might otherwise have ended his life. Kennedy then negotiated the safe passage of the Freedom Riders from the First Baptist Church to Jackson, Mississippi, where they were arrested. He offered to bail the Freedom Riders out of jail, but they refused, which upset him, leading him to call any bandwagoners of the original freedom rides "honkers".

In September 1962, Kennedy sent U.S. marshals to Oxford, Mississippi to enforce a federal court order allowing the admittance of the first African-American student, James Meredith, to the University of Mississippi. The attorney general had hoped that legal means, along with the escort of U.S. marshals, would be enough to force Governor Ross Barnett to allow Meredith's admission. He also was very concerned there might be a "mini-civil war" between U.S. Army troops and armed protesters. President Kennedy reluctantly sent federal troops after the situation on campus turned violent.

Ensuing riots during the period of Meredith's admittance resulted in hundreds of injuries and two deaths, yet Kennedy remained adamant that black students had the right to enjoy the benefits of all levels of the educational system. The Office of Civil Rights also hired its first African-American lawyer and began to work cautiously with leaders of the Civil Rights Movement. Kennedy saw voting as the key to racial justice and collaborated with Presidents Kennedy and Johnson to create the landmark Civil Rights Act of 1964, which helped bring an end to Jim Crow laws. Between December 1961 and December 1963, Kennedy also expanded the United States Department of Justice Civil Rights Division by 60 percent.

As a reminder of Robert F. Kennedy's role as Attorney General, here is an interview/discussion broadcast by ABC Radio from their Issues and Answers series on April 22, 1963.
An Interview With Steve Reich - 1983 - Past Daily Weekend Gallimaufry Steve Reich - one of the most influential, admired and highly respected composers of the later 20th century. The right voice at the right time.



Steve Reich - in conversation with Alan Rich - February 7, 1983 - Gordon Skene Sound Collection -

Anyone who has studied, performed or just enjoyed music owes some degree of gratitude to Steve Reich. He is, without question, one of the most widely admired, respected and influential voices in modern music since the 1960s.

His view was revolutionary, but was grounded. He came along at a time when Music, if not Art, writing and the World in general were undergoing huge changes. Changes in perception and thought and point-of-view; of listening to something and finding deep meaning within the framework of deceptive simplicity. Of hearing something for the first time and feeling an instant kinship to it.

Listening to this interview, conducted by the late Critic and broadcaster Alan Rich and recorded in February 1983 for a program we were working on at the time; Music Under Fire, I realized that Reich was fourteen when he first came into contact with Stravinsky's Rite Of Spring and John Coltrane; two life-changing events for him. I was fourteen and came into contact with Steve Reich for the first time, by way of his two early pieces, It's Gonna Rain and Come Out - and those were life-changing events for me. I just remember, after listening to both pieces, feeling that I was just not destined to hear the same music the same way ever again. And I didn't. Like so much of what went on in Music and the Arts in the 1960s, figures like Steve Reich came along and freed things up - took what you thought you knew and exploded it, turning it into something with entirely new meaning.

Reich continues to make his mark on Contemporary music and influence countless others in the process.

If you've never heard of Steve Reich before, it's absolutely essential you become familiar with his work. He is the reason I arrive at the unfamiliar with an open mind. I'm sure he's done the same thing for many others. This interview gives you some background as to who he is - this is a jumping off spot to dive into his work.

I would suggest head first.
Joseph Papp Talks Theatre - 1974 - Past Daily Weekend Gallimaufry Joseph Papp - Revolutionized the Theatre.



Joseph Papp - interviewed by James Day - Day For Night Program - Jan. 31, 1974 - Gordon Skene Sound Collection -

Joseph Papp, in conversation with James Day, from the broadcast of January 31, 1974. One of the most revolutionary figures in 20th century Theatre - taking what was, by the 1950s a potentially fading art, and injecting new life and a spirit into it that went on for decades after.

Unfortunately, if you didn't live in New York, smack in the middle of Manhattan or one of the boroughs within easy access, you missed out on some amazing moments, and probably most of what Joseph Papp did had very little affect on you - to a degree. He championed the idea of performing Shakespeare in parks and taking Theatre to neighborhoods far removed from Broadway - to schools and vacant lots, turning people on to the magic of theatre who had never experienced it before. His Shakespeare In The Park in New York's Central Park has become a staple of Manhattan summer life every year since 1957. And it has always been free. That concept of bringing theatre to everyone caught on all over the country, and many people who had never seen live Theatre before were getting exposure. And because Papp was also a champion of new writers, the new blood of playwrights was flowing.

When Joseph Papp died in 1991 it created a hole that still remains to be filled. One that is needed more now than ever.

As a reminder of Joseph Papp, the man and the force behind a revolutionary movement for change, here is that interview as part of the Day For Night series in 1974.

And while you're here, can I bug you for a second? As you may know by now, we're doing our annual Past Daily Fall Fundraiser - once a year we pass the hat in order to pay the bills and to keep the site up and running (and pay for the site, which was completely revamped a few months ago) as well as getting a lot of vintage equipment repaired and running so we can continue digitizing the massive Sound Archive which we use for these posts. We're not asking for a lot; the price of a cup of coffee or a movie ticket. And we've been blown away by your response in just one day. But we have a ways still left to go - so if you can, give what you can. Contribute to a worthy cause: History and keeping it alive.

Just click on the link here (Past Daily Fall Fundraiser) and make your pledge. Very easy, painless and quick. And we'll love you to pieces for it!
August 6, 1964 - A McNamara News Conference - View From The Pentagon Defense Secretary Robert McNamara on the Gulf Of Tonkin situation - if we knew then what we know now . . .



Robert McNamara News Conference - August 6, 1964 - Gordon Skene Sound Collection -

Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara held a news conference on August 6, 1964 to update news media on the rapidly-escalating situation in Vietnam.

After the initial incident, and U.S. retaliation, there were no reports of additional attacks or reprisals going on in the Gulf of Tonkin, aside from the War of words that had developed, with Radio Beijing, Radio Hanoi and Radio Moscow issuing varying degrees of rebuke on U.S. claims of North Vietnamese attacks on U.S. warships.

Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara held a news conference to relay that information as well as take questions from the media over the incident itself and the developments that were ongoing. Amid claims and counter-claims a buildup of presence in Southeast Asia was the solution and the inevitability of a shooting war was becoming clearly apparent with each confusing hour that passed.

At the time, the message was; the Communist desire to gain control of Southeast Asia - that the entire region was vulnerable, each country "falling over like Dominoes", and that it was up to the U.S. to come to the aid of these countries. A general feeling of indignation that "we had been attacked" brought about support for a war resolution of some sort - the sooner, the better.

However, in retrospect - and by McNamara's own admission and by release of declassified documents pertaining to the incident by various National Security agencies - the incident never happened. And that the "attack" was mistaken radar shadows, prompting the Maddox to claim they were under attack and to open fire.

But on August 6, 1964, we were told, in no uncertain terms, that America was under attack in Vietnam and that American lives were at risk.

Had we known then, what we know now, it may have prevented the loss of some 60,000 American lives, countless Vietnamese and the on-going suicide rate among veterans of the Vietnam War to this day.

But that's hindsight - at the time it was different. And to get an idea of how different it was at the time, here is that News Conference with Defense Secretary Robert McNamara as he held it on August 6, 1964/
A Nixon - Watergate Press Conference - March 19, 1974 - Past Daily Reference Room Nixon - support was wavering by the minute.



President Nixon Press Conference -Houston, Texas - March 19, 1974 - CBS Radio - Gordon Skene Sound Collection -

As support for Richard Nixon continued to fall apart, even his staunchest allies were calling for his resignation. Shortly before this press conference, delivered in Houston Texas at the annual convention of the National Association Of Broadcasters, arch-Conservative New York Senator James Buckley announced to shocked colleagues and to the country, that it was "in the best interests of the nation" for Nixon to resign.

Naturally, the statement from Buckley became a focal point in the press conference:
Q. Mr. President, Bos Johnson, WSAZ Television, Huntington, West Virginia. You have said repeatedly that you will not resign, and yet today, Senator James Buckley today called for you to perform an extraordinary act of statesmanship and courage, voluntary resignation as, as he put it, the only way by which the Watergate crisis can be resolved.

Would you comment on the import of this statement coming from a conservative United States Senator, and whether it might cause you to reassess your position?

THE PRESIDENT. Well first, it does not cause me to reassess my position, although I, of course, do respect the point of view expressed by the Senator and by others, perhaps some sitting here, who share that view.

The point that I wish to make, however, is that when we speak of courage, if I could address that from a personal standpoint first of all, it perhaps would be an act of courage to resign. I should also point out, however, that while it might be an act of courage to run away from a job that you were elected to do, it also takes courage to stand and fight for what you believe is right, and that is what I intend to do.

Mr. Johnson, I would not want to leave your question simply with a personal judgment. I am thinking of the statesmanship which Senator Buckley also addressed. From the standpoint of statesmanship, for a President of the United States, any President, to resign because of charges made against him which he knew were false and because he had fallen in the polls, I think, would not be statesmanship. It might be good politics, but it would be bad statesmanship. And it would mean that our system of government would be changed for all Presidents and all generations in the future.

What I mean by that, very simply, is this: The Constitution provides a method by which a President can be removed from office: impeachment--impeachment for treason and other high crimes and misdemeanors. Now, if a President is not guilty of those crimes, if only charges have been made which he knows are false, and if, simply because as a result of those false charges and as a result of his falling in the polls, he decides to resign, it would mean then that every future President would be presiding over a very unstable Government in the United States of America.

The United States and the free world, the whole world, needs a strong American President, not an American President who, every time the polls go down, says, "Well, maybe I'd better resign."

Let me give you an example: I have often said to members of the Washington press corps that the most difficult decision I made in my first term was the very last, in December of 1972. You recall then that I found it necessary, because of the breakdown in negotiations in Paris with the North Vietnamese, to order the bombing of military targets in North Vietnam in the Hanoi and Haiphong region by B-52's.

The bombing began, we lost planes, and at that time I can assure you that not only my friends but many others who had supported the actions that I had taken to attempt to bring the war in Vietnam to an honorable conclusion, criticized and criticized very strongly what I had done.

Great newspapers like the Chicago Tribune, the Washington Star, that had previously editorially supported me, for example, were among them, and many Senators as well as other public figures spoke out. As a matter of fact, one Senator said, "The President has taken leave of his senses." Now, I had no hard feelings about that. I made him Attorney General.

The day after Christmas, some of my closest advisers felt that because a poll that they had taken privately indicated that I had dropped 20 points in the polls since the bombing began, that I should consider stopping it. I considered their advice. I did not take it.

I ordered the bombing to continue. I ordered it, as a matter of fact, to be increased on military targets. Five days later, the deadlock was broken, and as a result of that action, an unpopular action but an action which I felt was right, the longest war in America's history was brought to a conclusion, and our prisoners of war were brought home, as I have often said, on their feet rather than on their knees.

Now, I want future Presidents to be able to make hard decisions, even though they think they may be unpopular, even though they think they may bring them down in the polls, even though they may think they may bring upon them criticism from the Congress which could result in demands that he resign or be impeached.

I want future Presidents to be able to take the strong, right decisions that he believes are right. That is what I did then, and that is what I intend to do in the future.

I think, after that answer, it is only right for me to turn to the left."
And this was only March - Nixon's resignation was still some 5 months off, and much would happen between March and then.

Here is that Press conference, as carried live by CBS Radio on March 19, 1974
E. Howard Hunt Talks About Watergate - May 12, 1974 - Past Daily Reference Room E. Howard Hunt - Spy, Plumber, knew where mummies were buried.



E. Howard Hunt - interview by William F. Buckley - Firing Line Program - May 12, 1974 - Gordon Skene Sound Collection -

Since we've been looking back on the era of Watergate lately, I thought I would start running some interviews with key players in the scandal to give you some idea of how the drama unfolded and how it started from a seemingly unimportant yet bungled breakin to one of the greatest and most damaging scandals ever to hit a U.S. President so far. E. Howard Hunt was a CIA Intelligence Officer and was active in the Nixon White House as a member of "The Plumbers", a group which included G. Gordon Liddy whose job was first to break into the Los Angeles offices of The Pentagon Papers whistle-blower Daniel Ellsberg's Psychiatrists office, and later as a member of the Committee To Re-Elect The President, coordinate the breakin and bugging of the Democratic National Committees offices at the Watergate. Hunt, along with Attorney General John Mitchell and key Nixon figures Charles Colson, Herbert W. Kalmbach, Fred LaRue, and John Dean became entangled in the payoff schemes to ensure silence over the figures involved in the breakin when the seemingly innocuous reports came to the attention of the media, and an explosive story was in the making.

This interview with Hunt is conducted by William F. Buckley, who is sympathetic to Nixon, for the most part. Hunt would be implicated and indicted for his role in the break-in and sentenced to 33 months in prison on a conspiracy charge. He would be one of several key figures in the Nixon Administration to serve jail time and President Nixon would eventually be forced to resign his office.

It should be noted that the Watergate scandal didn't break overnight and that the indictments, hearings and resignations would take place some two years after the initial break-ins and bugging were reported.

In the case of Watergate, justice moved slowly, and piece-by-piece a story began to be revealed, and that took time.

For a reminder, here is that interview between E. Howard Hunt and William F. Buckley from May 12, 1974 as broadcast on the Firing Line program.
Cracks In The Facade: Sen. James Buckley Calls On Nixon To Resign - 1974 Sen. James Buckley - when even the most conservative of allies tells you to resign, you've got problems.





Sen. James Buckley - News Conference - March 19, 1974 - Gordon Skene Sound Collection -

The Nixon years and the Watergate era - certainly one of the most emotionally draining episodes in our country's history. When even Nixon's most conservative supporters from the GOP were calling on him to resign, in light of the mounting evidence and calls for impeachment over the Watergate break-in and attempted coverup of details and responsibilities. Responsibilities that were pointing in the direction of The President, and his crumbling support.

James Buckley, brother of Conservative icon and publisher of The National Review William F. Buckley, was an avid supporter of Richard Nixon; going to far as to sing his praises and call for his re-election in 1972, was now calling for his resignation because he felt, at the time, the process of impeachment would have divided the country even further than it was.

America was divided in 1974 - in a sense, it has always been divided. But in 1974 that division was becoming more vocal and indeed, with Vietnam coming to an end and questions over why we were there in the first place still at the forefront of national debate, one more blow to our faith in government and our leaders in telling the truth had become more difficult to grasp. And at the epicenter was Richard Nixon, whose defense of his position and his insistence on his lack of knowledge of the break-in were wearing more thin with every revelation - and with revelations coming almost daily, adding up to a numbing shock that was overtaking America in 1974.

And so Senator James Buckley's call for President Nixon to resign was probably not that shocking in retrospect, even though he was only the second GOP Senator to ask for his resignation, but it was the culmination of a nation growing tired of being shocked, tired of being lied to - weary of endless accusations and counter-charges, that at some point, someone had to say stop. As Buckley pointed out in this dramatic News Conference, he had agonized for some time over the issue and its deeper implications - and felt it was incumbent upon him and to his constituents to state plainly that conclusions he had reached.

Here is Sen. James Buckley's reading of that statement, as broadcast on March 19, 1974.
The Problem With Agnew - Elliot Richardson Press Conference On The Spiro Agnew Case - 1973 - Past Daily Reference Room Spiro Agnew - a little matter of income tax evasion, and bribery and extortion . . . . .



Spiro Agnew - Attorney General Elliot Richardson Press Conference - October 11, 1973 - Gordon Skene Sound Collection -

A little less than a year before Richard Nixon left office over the Watergate scandal, vice-President Spiro Agnew left office under a cloud of bribery, income tax evasion and influence peddling.

At issue was the matter of extortion, bribes, tax fraud and conspiracy during his time in office as Governor of Maryland, coming to over $100,000 in bribes alone. The investigation began shortly after George Beall assumed the role of U.S. Attorney, but had been bubbling under the surface for several years before, certainly during Agnew's time as Governor.

There had been speculation that much of the controversy began as the result of Nixon's growing displeasure over Agnew. He was considered something of a "loose cannon" and a potential embarrassment to the White House. So the case was brought in lieu of Agnew refusing to resign or leaving the 1972 re-election ticket. There was also speculation that the amount of attention directed at Spiro Agnew was distracting from the revelations coming out during the Watergate investigation.

Whatever the situation was - Spiro Agnew accepted a bargain, of sorts. In exchange for pleading No-Contest to a charge of failing to report a $29,000 bribe in 1967, while he was still Governor. The no-contest plea was in exchange for a bigger investigation which would have resulted in prison time for the vice-President. Instead, he received a $10,000 fine and the proviso that he resign from office.

This Press Conference, held by Attorney General Elliot Richardson, along with assistant Attorney General Henry Peterson, who was in charge of the Criminal Division at the justice Department and George Beall, who carried out the investigation, go over the details of that investigation and the plea bargain which resulted in the sudden resignation and departure of Spiro Agnew. It was given on October 11, 1973 and carried by all the radio and television networks.

Agnew was only the second vice-President in U.S. history to resign, but he was the only one to do so based on criminal charges.

So now you know. Here is that complete press conference, as it aired live on October 11, 1973.
A Word Or Two From James Meredith On Race Relations - 1966 -Past Daily Reference Room In 1966, the word was struggle.

Click on the link here for Audio Player - NBC Radio: James Meredith is Guest on Meet The Press - June 26, 1966 - Gordon Skene Sound Collection

James Meredith, for those of you a bit fuzzy on figures in the Civil Rights Movement, was the first black student to enroll in Mississippi University (Ole Miss) and it proved to be the flash point in the Civil Rights Movement, and a catalyst in motivating the Kennedy Administration to step up efforts at racial equality in 1962.

As a prominent Civil Rights leader, Meredith was interviewed on several Sunday News shows over the following years. This Meet The Press interview takes place just 20 days after an assassination attempt was made on him, during a 220 mile solo March Against Fear. 30 miles from his starting point, in Hernando Mississippi, he was gunned down by sniper, later identified as a white 41 year-old Aubrey Norvell.

Needless to say, based on this attempt, race relations in 1966 were not good. And it was further evidence the struggle was very much with us, very much heated, and very much going on with no end in sight.

Here is that Meet The Press interview with James Meredith from June 26, 1966.
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Indira Gandhi At The National Press Club - November 5, 1971 - Past Daily Reference Room Prompted some in the Press to consider her "one tough cookie".

Click on the link here for Audio Player - India Prime Minister Indira Gandhi - National Press Club - November 5, 1971 - NPR - Gordon Skene Sound Collection

The assassination of Indira Gandhi in 1984 marked one more tragedy in one of the most influential political dynasties in Asia. The daughter of Jawaralal Nehru, Indira Gandhi devoted her entire life to the cause of politics, beginning with the non-violent India Independence movement in the 1940s.

On this occasion, in November of 1971, she was visiting the U.S. with the hopes of securing aid for some 9 million refugees streaming into India from Pakistan as well as seeking some resolution in the worsening situation with Pakistan; one that had boiled over into skirmishes and conflict in recent years.

So while she was in the U.S. on an official visit, she also made an appearance at the National Press Club to engage in a question-and-answer with the media.

Here is that address and the subsequent QA session with Prime Minister Indira Gandhi from November 5, 1971 as broadcast live by National Public Radio.