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060: Cholanaikkans: The Lost Tribe

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The Cholanaikkans are an ethnic group of India, primarily inhabiting the southern Kerala State, especially Silent Valley National Park. They are one of the last remaining hunter-gatherer tribes of the region.Population: 190-200 (2001 census: 360~)Found in the late 1970sLive in caves and rely on hunting and gatheringDo not cultivate due to the destruction of produce by animals such as elephantsSaid to have moved to South due to natural disasters such as floods or fleeing due to their defeat under the dynasties from the NorthWorships trees and follow animism which is the belief that everything (living or non-living) is bound by some spiritual connectionThey are short in stature, wheatish to dark complexion, and well-builtHave their own distinctive languageFollow a patriarchal family structureThe literacy rate is around 16% with one graduate among them. Most drop out after one semester in schoolWe also talk about the Sentinelese from the Sentinel Islands. Enjoy!Image credits: Dhruvaraj S from India - A Cholanaikkan Nilambur. Cropped 1:1 ratio.