weekend. It's time for a little bit of Bible talk, because let's have some uplift going into the weekend. So this week the Jews read a portion of the five books of Moses called Toto. This is the This is the portion of the Bible that deals with the selling of the birthright, from from ESA to Jacob and also the blessing that Isaac gives to Jacob instead of Assad, the so called stealing of the birthright and sort of common biblical Pollen's. And so for folks who don't know the story. Basically Isaac, who, of course, is Abraham's son, Hey, now has kids, and he has twins, a Sav he saw and Jacob, right? And Esa is sort of a man of the field. He's a wild man. He's a hunter. He's not a man of soul. Jacob is a is a man of soul who has described his dwelling intense Okay, SA and Jacob sort of battle for primacy. That's that's sort of the rest of the book of Genesis is them battling for primacy in various ways. He saw as the firstborn Jacob grabs onto his heel right? That is why he's called Yakov because the word Uh eh, Kev in Hebrew means he'll he grabs onto a subs. Hell, he grabs on the social. And so now they grow up. As they get older, it becomes very clear that you saw spurns the birthright. He doesn't actually want the responsibilities of being the first born. And so, for literally a bowl of lentil soup, he sells his birthright to Jacob. What that really means is that for any rationale whatsoever, he was willing to give away the responsibility of being the first born. But I think he's not greenlit this right there. Father has not actually green lit this switcheroo, and he saw it Turns out, actually, he kind of spurns it. But at the same time, he still wants the benefits of the birthright without actually the responsibilities of the birthright. So this brings us to the critical scene in question, one of the most sort of puzzling parts of the Bible. So this is Genesis, chapter 27. It came to pass when Isaac was old and his eyes were to him to see that he called Esau his elder son, and he said to him, My son and he said to him here I am and he said, Behold, now I have grown old I do not know the day of my death. So now sharpen your implements, your sword and your bow and go forth to the field and hunt game for me and make for me tasty foods as I like and bring them to me. And I will eat in order that I so will bless you before I die. Rebecca, who's Isaac's wife, overheard when Isaac spoke thio. He saw his son and he saw, went to the fields on game and bring it. And Rebecca said to Jacob, her son saying, Behold, I've heard your father speaking to you saw your brother saying Bring me game and make me tasty foods and I will eat and I will bless you before the Lord before my death. And now my son hearkens my boy to my voice. So what? I am commanding you go now to the flock take from for me from there to choice kids. I will make them tasty foods for your father as he likes, and you shall bring them to your father that he may eat in order that he bless you before his death, and Jacob said to Rebecca, his mother, Behold, my brother is a is a hairy man, whereas I am a smooth man. Perhaps my father will touch me, and I will appear to him as a deceiver, and I will bring upon myself a curse, not a blessing. And his mother said to him, on me, Is your curse my son on Lee Harkins my voice and go take them for me. So he went, and he took and brought them to his mother. His mother made tasty foods, as his father liked, and Rebecca took the costly garments of Of East saw her elder son, which were with her in the house, and she dressed Jacob, her younger son, on the hides of the kids. You put on his hands and on the smoothness off his neck, right? So she actually takes hair and puts it on on Jacob so that he feels more like his older brother. He came to his father and he said, My father, and he said, Here I am. Who are you? My son and Jacob said to his father. I me saw your firstborn. I have done as you have spoken to me. Please rise. Sit down. Eating my games that your soul will bless me. And Isaac said to my son, How is it you have found it so quickly? My son, he said, Because the Lord, your God prepared it for me. And Isaac said to Jacob, Please come closer So that I may feel you, my son, whether you are really my son, Esau or not. So obviously Isaac suspects something. At this point, Jacob draws near to Isaac, his father, he felt him. He said, The voice is the voice of Jacob. But the hands are the hands of Esa. Right? How cold, Polyakov. Hey, Diamond esaf and in the Hebrew. And he didn't recognize him because his hands were hairy, like the hands his brother s saw. And he blessed him. And he says again, Are you indeed my son s saw? And he said, I am. And he said, Serve it to me. I may eat of the game of my sons and my soul will bless you. He served him. He ate, He brought him wine and he drank. And his father said, Come closer and kissed me, right. He's constantly like something Isaac knows something is up, right? He's losing his sight. But you know something is up. He came closer. He kissed him. He smelled like the fragrance of his garments. He blessed him. He said, Behold, the fragrance of my son is like the fragrance of a field which the Lord has blessed. Okay. And then the story continues, with Jacob receiving the blessing and he saw returns. And when SA returns, Yeah, he explains to Isaac, what has happened? And Isaac Shutters. And he says, Who then is the one who hunted game and brought it to me and I ate of everything while you had not yet come and bless him. He, too, shall be blessed. When he saw her his father's words, he cried out. A great admirer, Christ said to his father, Bless me to all my father, he said. Your brother came with cunning and took your blessing. And, uh, and so he doesn't reverse the blessing. So it's a really puzzling story, right? Because why would you reverse the blessing if I give you a gift? But I do so under the false premise that you are another person. I can take that gift back as It turns out that the Bible makes it sound like Isaac is on his deathbed. Isaac in the Bible lives like another two decades. At no point does he reversed his judgment and actually remove the blessing from Jacob, who lied to him and give it back to Esa, who did not lie to him. So what exactly is going on here? So the answer, I think, lies in the characters of Esau and Jacob analyzing what we should strive for as human beings. So he saw is described in the Bible again as a ruddy man, which means man of violence. He's described as a as a person who is who's very capable in the fields, right. He can use a sword and he can use a bow. But he is not a person who is described as anything but sort of selfish. He respects his parents somewhat, but that's pretty much his big quality. And so he is a man who is capable of survival, but he is not a moral man. Jacob, by contrast, is a moral man, but he's sort of perceived as soft. But he's not a survivor. He's not somebody who can survive and So Isaac has a choice to make because he is now going to hand on his birthright, which means the future off the Hebrews, the future of the Jewish people. In his view of his family and his civilization. Who's he going toe? Hand that birthright to to preserve the civilization, the survivor without morality or the moral man without a survival instinct? Right? That's the real question. So what happens? He tells s. Aw, I want your the survivor. I think you can learn morality, go out to the field, do something for me instead of just killing an animal and then eating yourself or killing animals for fun. Go do something that that demonstrates honor for a parent. And then I will bless you because you will have merited the blessing because you're both a person capable of survival. And you're a person who is capable of higher moral thinking. And Rebecca, his wife, hears this and she says, Well, I don't think that's right. I mean, I know, I know you saw. I know Jacob, I know SA is not a moral man, and I don't think he's going to develop a moral instinct, but I do think that Jacob is capable of developing a survival instinct. And so Jacob dons his brother's clothes. He puts on the hair on his hands and on his neck, and he goes and he meets with Isaac. And Isaac knows something is wrong, right? That that sentence where he says, How cold? Polyakova the voice is the voice of Jacob, but the hands are the hands of Esa, and he suspects that something is up. He's saying, It doesn't matter which one of my sons this is right. This actually, as it turns out, what is happening. It doesn't matter which one of my sons I'm blessing. This is the son who deserves the blessing. Because either this is SA, who is going to Seoul or this is Jacob, who's grown a spine. Is either Esa who's determined how to become a moral person because he's speaking in respectful ways to me. And he's doing what I wanted him to dio, or this is Jacob, who is actually become a survivor. Right is capable of doing the things necessary for survival in a cruel and unjust world, right? That is the and so he decides that the future of his family line is better placed in the hands of the person who actually did all the things that that were needed to be done. And that's why he doesn't reverse the blessing. Even though he realizes what has happened at that point, right, he his eyes are open and he realizes what has happened. He wanted it to be. He saw he saw his his first born, but S a had already given away the birthright once because he actually didn't want the responsibility. Jacob wanted the responsibility, and Jacob was willing to do what it took in order to gain that responsibility, including an act of deception in order to demonstrate to his father that he was in fact, capable of survival. And that's what it takes to live in the world. It does doesn't mean that you have to act deceptively when you don't have to. It doesn't mean that you need to be able to survive. You need to be able act aggressively. You need to be able to act in defense of your own family and of your own values. But you have to have the values to, and it is easier to grow an aggressive streak from a moral center than it is to grow a moral streak from an aggressive center. That's the message of the of the selling of the birthright, as well as the blessing that is given by Isaac to Jacob rather than to East Side's. Why Jake. It's why Isaac doesn't revoke his own blessing already. We'll be back here next week.