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The Paris Agreement

From Audio: 50. PADI Equipment Specialist course, the Paris Agreement of 2015 and Where Will Your Next Dive Be?

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Duration: 06:08
Learn more about this important international treaty for climate change.
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Learn more about this important international treaty for climate change.
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last month, December 2000 and 20 the Paris agreement celebrated its fifth anniversary. Unfortunately, the United States of America really wasn't part of this celebration, given our withdrawal, which was effective in November of 2000 and 20 2000 and 15 seems so long ago. And the world in the United States has changed so much since then. From what has been reported were poised to rejoin the Paris Agreement with the transition to President Biden's administration, I wonder just how easy it is to rejoin. I hope it's is easy to rejoin as it was to withdraw. So what exactly is the Paris agreement and why is it so important? I'm a little embarrassed to say that I really didn't know that much about it, which meant I needed to understand this treaty a lot more. First off, yes, it is a treaty, a legally binding international treaty that was executed in Paris on December 12th, 2000 and 15. Now it was executed by the parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change or U N. F. C C. C. Now the U. N. F. C. C. C was established in 1992 and it was originally based in Geneva, Switzerland. Since 1995 it is located in Bonn, Germany. It has a staff of 450 people from over 100 countries. The executive secretary of the U. N F. C C. C is Patricia Espinosa of Mexico, and she has held this position since 2000 and 16. If you go to the U. N. F. C. C website, you can click on the Paris Agreement tab at the top. From there, you can view a short two minute video about the agreement. You can also access the actual agreement, which is what I did. It's not a huge document. It's only 25 pages long and it consists of 29 articles. Article two sets The goal, specifically Article tool, paragraph one A. States. The agreement in enhancing the implementation of the convention, including its objectives, aims to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change in the context of sustainable development and efforts to eradicate poverty, including by holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below two degrees Celsius above pre industrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees centigrade above pre industrial levels. Article two also states that we need to do this in a way that does not threaten food production and making finance flow, supporting low greenhouse emission gas and climate resistant development. The Cornerstone article says that this agreement will be implemented to reflect equity and the principles of common but differentiated responsibilities based on national circumstances. Now that's pretty powerful. To me. That means wealthy, powerful nations should be the leaders. The treaty works on five year cycles, and we just completed the first cycle. Now. In this first cycle, the country's established what is called their nationally determined contributions, or N. D. C. S. And that's what each nation is committing to do to reduce global warming. You can actually go to the registry of NBC S. It states that 190 countries have submitted their first N. D. C, including the United States, although that first one was submitted September 2nd, 2000 and 16, and that eight parties have already submitted their second. The United States goal back then was to be 17% below 2005 emissions by 2020 and 26 to 28% below the 2000 and five emissions by 2025. It stated that our targets were fair but ambitious. I think the overarching theme of the agreement was that we were all in this together. Developed countries have to help developing countries. Everyone has to play their part. Perhaps this is the idea that we're all in this together is why the US gave notice to the secretary general of the United Nations that the USA would withdraw. And they gave that notice on November 4th, 2000 and 19, with the effective withdrawal date of 4 November 2000 and 20. How ironic or dubious that this date was right around our presidential election? I guess the good news is we haven't been gone that long, and we can again be a part of this. More good news is that for the first time in 2000 and 20 the U. N. Climate Conference started to have a dialogue about the ocean, and in 2021 there is a push to get ocean based climate solutions into the Paris agreement. Not so good news, however, is that the International Maritime Organization, where I am Oh, who represent the shipping industry, is backtracking on their commitments to put this into context. The shipping industry emits a ZMA much greenhouse gas. Gas is as the sixth largest countries emissions, so it's not trivial. So I'll close out this segment again by stating that I am encouraged with the vory riel aspect that the United States will again rejoined the Paris Agreement and that we will renew our commitment towards addressing climate.
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