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Upload Date: Mar 03, 2021
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more intensified to maximize crop yields and ensure that we can feed our ever growing population. Fertilizers and pesticides are used on crops and animals may be kept inside and more densely packed sheds to maximise milk yields or egg production, or speed up the time needed for the animal to be ready to be sent to the market for meat to learn more about conventional farming, watch our video on modern agriculture. In this video, we're going to look at an alternative to conventional farming organic farming. We're going to see what it is in theory and the pros and cons of this method in relation to other modern agricultural methods. Organic farming currently accounts for about 1% of agricultural land worldwide. It focuses on sustainability and is thought to have less detrimental effects on the environment than conventional farming. This has led to it being proposed as an alternative to conventional agriculture for helping to overcome the climate change crisis we are currently experiencing. But the debate continues as it is not a perfect solution. In theory, organic farming should not use chemical fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides or feed additives for livestock. It requires the follow to use more natural alternatives. This results in lower yields, but the farmer can sell their product at a higher price because consumers believe the product is of a higher quality. Instead of fertilizers, manure is used. This recycles waste and improves the soil structure. However, it is smelly and more difficult to apply than chemical fertilizers, and also means the farmer has less control over the mineral content they're putting into their soil. Crop rotation is used to reduce disease, is building up in the soils and to strengthen the soil composition. Certain crops, such as the lagoon family, so peas and beans fixed nitrogen from the air and increase the nitrates in the soil. This makes the soil much more fertile, and so farmers rotate lagoons with their other crops. Growing multiple crops is, however, less efficient and produces lower yields than specializing in one or fewer crops. Instead of using herbicides, Weeding is the preferred organic farming technique. This is, of course, much more environmentally friendly because it is chemical free. But it is very labor intensive, although this does mean more jobs available, which is a great thing