In this talk, we looked at the cardinal virtues- prudence, justice, courage temperance. We looked at an overview of the moral life, human nature beginning with the original creation of adam and eve, through the fall, and then where we are afterward, and then we looked at the particular virtues thems
Publish Date: Feb 21, 2020
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In this talk, we looked at the cardinal virtues- prudence, justice, courage temperance. We looked at an overview of the moral life, human nature beginning with the original creation of adam and eve, through the fall, and then where we are afterward, and then we looked at the particular virtues themselves. Catholicism 101 takes place on Thursdays at 7 PM in Room 201.
up this approach to the moral life, not just one of rules to be followed. Jesus begins his moral treatment or his treatment of the moral life, you might say in Matthew. Chapters five through seven in the Sermon on the Mount. And the very beginning of that sermon is the beatitudes. Blessed are the poor in spirit. Blessed are the meek. Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness. On DSO one blessedness be attitude is not something that's shallow. It's not like good wishes. Um, it is a happiness that is other worldly. It's a divine happiness. Jesus came that we might have life and have it to the full. And that life that he wants to give us is his own life. God's life literally. The Greek word there is Zoe, not Beos. Beos is where we get biology. Hey, didn't come to give us natural life to the full. He came to give us Zoe to the full divine life to the full. And you see that in a beautiful way in the Eucharist and on the cross, right on the cross. He's saying, This is my body. This is my blood, which is for you and in the Eucharist were able to receive that very life. This is my body. This is my blood, which is for you. So when he wants to give us his life with that also means is he wants to give us his own happiness, happiness that's so great that it has its own name and that name is beatitude. So when you get to that part of the sermon on the Mount, the very beginning blessed are the poor. Blessed are the meek. Blessed are the peacemakers. He's saying those with his help with his life with his grace are poor and spirit are meek, are peacemakers. They are participating in his own happiness. So when Jesus treats the moral life, he begins with the pursuit of happiness. And the rest of the chapter follows from those beatitudes. This is the way that the early church picked up the moral life. If you read ST Augustine fourth century or so on the moral life, you'll see it as a pursuit of happiness. It remains this way through ST Thomas Aquinas, who, when he treats the moral life, begins with five questions on beatitude on happiness itself. It isn't until you get a little bit. Later on the 14th century particular theologian named William of a calm. Does that name ring a bell? Maybe you've heard of Occam's razor. This is the same guy, all right, William of locum began. Thio present the moral life as basically following rules. God's will is supreme and it must be followed, period, right? The only time that I'm actually free is when his will hasn't determined anything for me to do. The moral life is nothing more than simply following God's will. His law, his rules. And he was so convincing, apparently, that the church is still struggling to recover. 700 years later. There's a lot of reasons why we're still seeing the moral life is rules to be followed other philosophers, other Christian denominations as well. But But generally we tend to think of the moral life as following rules, and it's really sad because no one wants to follow rules