References for Chapter 5--the Distal NephronRoger pointed out the fact that the distal nephron can achieve very low urinary sodium as evidenced by observations in people from the Yanomamo tribe Blood pressure and electrolyte excretion in the Yanomamo Indians, an isolated population in this report, 8
Publish Date: Sep 05, 2021
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References for Chapter 5--the Distal NephronRoger pointed out the fact that the distal nephron can achieve very low urinary sodium as evidenced by observations in people from the Yanomamo tribe Blood pressure and electrolyte excretion in the Yanomamo Indians, an isolated population in this report, 84% of the participants had urinary sodium < 1mmol/24 hours. Information about the Yanomamo Tribe. It looks like they’re starting to make chocolate, now! YanomamiThe Yanomami are great observers of natureThe Amazon's Yanomami utterly abandoned by Brazilian authorities: ReportYanomami Amazon reserve invaded by 20,000 miners; Bolsonaro fails to actI believe this is the original study looking at urine sodium and blood pressure in the Yanomamo Indians, but the INTERSALT trial linked above I believe had more robust urine dataThis study mentions the average lipid profile for men and women along with BMI. I didn’t mention in the “Voice of God” overview, but there is some interest looking at the Yanomamo and rate of cancer as it relates to the correlation with intracellular potassium to sodium ratiosJosh referred back to his notes and realized that the tightest junctions are in the TOAD not FROG bladders Physiology and Function of the Tight JunctionAn excellent review from McCormick and Ellison on the Distal convoluted tubule in Comprehensive Physiology.We flirt with the disorder of Gordon’s syndrome: Familial Hyperkalemic Hypertension | American Society of Nephrology and its alter ego, Gitelman syndrome: Gitelman Syndrome | HypertensionJC spoke about this beautiful report on how calcineurin inhibitors lead to hyperkalemia (and mimic Gordon’s syndrome). The calcineurin inhibitor tacrolimus activates the renal sodium chloride cotransporter to cause hypertensionThis superb review of the DCT includes all the highlights of Rose’s chapter 5 with a modern lens including “braking” from DCT hypertrophy Distal Convoluted Tubule | American Society of NephrologyEchos of the lessons learned in the DCT can be seen in this review: Diuretic Treatment in Heart Failure | NEJMAnna reminds us of the ALL HAT trial which showed that chlorthalidone was superior to the lisinopril and amlodipine groups (and the alpha blocker dropped out earlier) Major Outcomes in High-Risk Hypertensive Patients Randomized to Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitor or Calcium Channel Blocker vs DiureticNice review of drug induced Hyperuricemia with a deep dive into the mechanisms of diuretic induced Hyperuricemia. Drug-induced hyperuricaemia and goutPlus, despite the concerns that thiazides are weaker than loop diuretics and may not work in CKD, this report suggests that it can still be of use. Chlorthalidone for poorly controlled hypertension in chronic kidney disease: an interventional pil