little waterfalls, escarpments, banks. But as we're going down, I'm getting weaker and weaker. And this throbbing now has moved all the way up to my groin area and eventually gets the stage where I just want to sleep. But I did think I'm not going to make this. My number was up. After trudging his way through waterfalls and mud, Pete arrived at the edge of the rainforest and onto a beach where he saw the Coast Guard. They lay me down on the ground and I mean, we're just closing my eyes and, you know, just hang on a little bit more, Hang on A little bit more arrived at the hospital around 3.5 hours after he was bitten. His heart was racing and he passed out. When he came to, he started documenting everything that was going on. Good morning. Well, good afternoon, deficient. We are in the world. Give you guys an update on what's happened over the last couple of days. By the time he got to the hospital, the snake venom had begun to destroy his muscles and blood vessels. Pete's leg had ballooned to double its size, and, uh, something else had happened. A warning. We're about to talk about genitals. My thanks. Go big and black. It is not an uncommon thing that happens with snakebite victims. That doesn't mean it's not quite a shock. Oh, I mean, look, I remember asking on the news is like, Is this normal? Black? And then she came home and she says, Yeah, yeah, kind of Maybe to turn things around. The doctors had injected Pete with snake anti venom. It raced through his body, fighting back against the toxins. And quickly it was clear that it had worked. Pete was going to be okay. And by day 11, he was up and about feeling a lot better today. Um, So I started walking around for the first time I've walked. And if you didn't get anti venom, what would have happened if I didn't get Andy being, um I would have died, Don't know, question. So yeah, I was pretty lucky, eh? Well, that is a dramatic story, Wendy, But why are you telling us about it? So I I really want to zoom into the part of the story where he gets that treatment. That stuff that saved his life That's the antivenom that neutralizes the toxins. Exactly. The anti venom. So Pete got it, and he survived. But many people around the world, they aren't so lucky. Some 100,000 people die every year from snake bites 100,000, and you compare that to sharks. They kill maybe about six people globally every year. And so part of the reason that people are dying from snakebites is because they're not getting anti venom fast enough. And this is for a bunch of reasons. But the one that I want to zoom in on is the way that we make anti venom. Because the system we have now is this complicated, time consuming, inefficient process that in many ways hasn't changed for more than 100 years. Uh, okay, so then why is it so hard to make antivenom? It all boils down to the thing that we're battling against. It's the stuff that we're trying to save ourselves from the venomous. It turns out that snake venom is truly nefarious, and I spoke to Christina's Edenic, who studies snake venom at the University of Queensland in Australia about this, and she kind of told me all the horrible ways that snake venom can kill you. It's like you're almost getting digested alive, said Is that that sounds bad enough. Where does at the beginning. So they are going to have up to 200 different toxins inside it, and each of those toxins have sort of slightly different tasks. So some start attacking your muscles. Others attack your nerves. And sometimes two different toxins can work together to really mess this up. You've got one toxin that's pretty bad on its own, and another one that's pretty bad on its own. But when you put them together and they like tag team against you, Whoa, yeah, it's like suck aches, suck eggs indeed. I mean, look, that's from a scientist Way to say Okay, so this is This is what she's talking about. This is how the steak veterans saying, Suck eggs. You could have one toxin that is going through your body and making it difficult for your blood to clot, and then, at the same time, another toxin that is kind of making you bleed out like it's punching holes in your blood vessels. You've got a whole caused by the toxins that's now open and you're you're spewing out red blood cells and plasma and platelets, but all of a sudden you can't stop the bleeding in that area. Christina says that sometimes people can bleed from all over their body. Yeah, so, like your gums from your eyes, Um, sometimes your ears or your your sphincter, your butthole jeans. And even if it's really bad, there was a taipan bite in Australia where a guy was. It seemed like he was sweating blood from his back. Oh, and so with your body's inability to clot and prevent this internal bleeding little bit by little bit really becomes a serious problem pretty quick. Mhm. So basically what this means is to make an antidote against.