Start Time: 11:30
End Time: 18:15
A brief (if anything can be brief when referring to Greek mythology) explanation to who the 12 Olympians are, as well as some of their origin stories and how they interact with each other and the mortals that worship them.
Publish Date: Aug 31, 2021
A brief (if anything can be brief when referring to Greek mythology) explanation to who the 12 Olympians are, as well as some of their origin stories and how they interact with each other and the mortals that worship them. We can also find some of the origins for words we use today (such as where we get 'cereal').
characters is all right. Well let me let me cover this one. The most powerful of all the gods was Zeus. Now he was the guy of the sky and the king of Olympus. But he had a really bad temper and so bad that it affected the weather when he got mad he threw thunderbolts when he was unhappy. He was married to Khera but he had many other lovers. So here was the goddess of marriage and the Queen of Olympus. She was use his wife and sister told you uh there are many, there are a lot of myths that that talk about. She she was jealous, she was very jealous and she took a lot of revenge out on Zeus is other lovers, right? Both male and female, I should note. Um And some of Zeus is kids to Zeus had sort of the Demi gods. Hercules was one of Zeus kids. So Zeus had a brother whose name was Poseidon, Poseidon was the god of the sea and he was the most powerful god except for his brother Zeus. He lived in a beautiful palace under the sea reminds me of a anything here and he caused earthquakes when he had a temper. So all these guys had some pretty bad temper. I mean they're gods. They, this is where, I mean a lot of these ancient religions and things. This is where they're kind of origins of natural events come from. You know, they don't, they didn't have the science knowledge necessarily to know where thunderstorms and earthquakes came from. So in ancient the ancient world they had archaeologists had to explain it somehow. Exactly Zeus Mad throwing lightning bolts down at us. Right? So Hades was the king of the dead. I do want to interrupt you on this one because there is a distinction here. Hades was not death. That was a different entity. Hades was the king of the dead. So two different people. Okay, so Hades was the king of the dead, not death himself. He lived in the underworld, obviously that's where he would want to live. And also because it was heavily guarded and that's where he could really, really could rule over the dead. Zeus was his brother and he was the husband of Persephone. E the meters daughter whom he had kidnapped. And we're going to talk about that. That's my favorite greek myth. And we're going to talk about that one later on in the show. Well, this brings us to Aphrodite who was the goddess of love and beauty and she was the protector of the sailors. Now, she may have been the daughter of Zeus and the titan Dion, or she may have just risen up from the sea on a shell. You've probably seen that picture. It's called the birth of venus, which is um Aphrodite's roman name. So I think this is a good time to mention that the Greeks, the greek gods and the roman gods were the same, but they had different names. A lot of crossover. There's a lot of crossover right here, Apollo was the god of music and healing. He was also an archer and he hunted with a silver bow. Apollo was the son of Zeus and the titan lito. And the twin of Artemus, Artemus was the goddess of the hunt and the protector of women in childbirth. She hunted with silver arrows and loved all wild animals. Artemus was the daughter of Zeus and Leto and the twin of Apollo. I like Artemus, she's one of my favorites Aries was the god of war. Now he was both cruel and he was a coward. Aries was the son of Zeus and Hera, but neither of his parents liking had some issues going on. All right. So now we have come to Athena, she's the goddess of wisdom. She was also skilled in the art of war and she helped heroes like Odysseus and Hercules and you may know some of those stories, we're not gonna get into them tonight. But um you can read them on your own time because both of those gentlemen had various exploits in history. Athena sprang full grown from the forehead of Zeus and she became his favorite child. So I can't help but think how areas might have been a little jealous about that. This one I am, this is a lesser god that I am the roman name for this god is Vulcan, but the greek name I believe is Hephaestus was the god of fire in the forge, which of course is the stove, the furnace in which metal was, he did, although he made armor and weapons for the gods. He actually loved peace and he was the son of Zeus and Hera and he married Aphrodite. So he was part of the industrial military complex. He he was part of, yes, he was part of a big, big military, what's it called? The industrial military complex. Castillo was the goddess of the hearth, which is of course the fireplace at the center of the home. She was the most gentle of the gods and she doesn't really play a role in many of the myths. She was juices sister and she's actually the oldest of the Olympians. Hermes was the messenger god. He was also a trickster and he's a friend of thieves. He was said to have invented boxing and gymnastics, which we'll see here in a couple of days. He was the son of Zeus and the constellation Maya. He's the speediest of all, thanks in part to his winged sandals and his winged hat and he also carries a magic wand demeanor like harry potter, kind of like harry potter demeter was the goddess of the harvest and actually the word serial comes from her roman named Cyrus. She was Zeus, his sister and her daughter Persephone E is forced to live with Hades each winter and at this time the meter, let's no crops grown like I said, that's one of the first stories that we're going to get into. Um, and then finally, Dionysus was the God of wine, which he invented in ancient Greece. Dionysus was honored with springtime festivals that centered on theater and he was the son of Zeus and similarly immortal and I would like to take a second. Um, to Dionysus is another one that I know kind of a lot about just because I used to teach theater. And so every year we would have a Dionysus festival where the students would write their own stuff and perform it for their peers. Um, and we would study diagnosis a little bit and he was actually raised by fairies, which is where he learned how to make his wine and have a good time.